Argument analysis for socrates' defense speech contact: dr jan garrett last revised date: september 15, 2004 a sketch of the logic of socrates' defense speech as reproduced in chapter 1 of manuel velasquez, philosophy, 8th edition p=premise. Crito has three main arguments for socrates to escape his imprisonment crito’s first argument is that if socrates does not escape from prison he would loose a dear friend there is also the fact that crito’s reputation would be hurt for not helping his friend escape from jail the second argument that crito has is that he fears that. 4 the next argument which socrates uses in order to prove his innocence is an affect of dialogue with melatus he is being asked :'who is responsible for improving the youth' melatus answers to the defendant that jury as the representative of laws is responsible for the improvement of athenians citizens (24d-e. Socrates — ‘when the debate is lost, slander becomes the tool of the loser.
This lesson focuses on the crito, in which socrates argues against the idea that he should escape the penalty of death imposed on him by athens, laying the groundwork for future debates over the rights of the individual and the rule of law students read the dialogue and analyze its arguments in. Socrates is looking for a single virtue, one that is the same in a man child or woman he is unsatisfied by the swarm because he believes that virtue is the same in all people regardless of age or gender. Plato’s apology of socrates how you, men of athens, have been affected by my accusers, i do 17a not know 1 for my part, even i nearly forgot myself because of them, so persuasively did they speak and yet they have said, so to speak, nothing true i wondered most at one of the many falsehoods.
The trial and execution of of socrates in athens in 399 bce puzzles historians why, in a society enjoying more freedom and democracy than any the world had ever seen, would a seventy-year-old philosopher be put to death for what he was teaching. Socrates points out that there is some incoherence in the idea of harming people through justice all this serves as an introduction to thrasymachus, the sophist we have seen, through socrates’s cross-examination of polemarchus and cephalus, that the popular thinking on justice is unsatisfactory. This video focuses on plato's work, the phaedo, and sets out an argument socrates provides there for the immortality of the soul -- a metaphysical argument from opposites, and processes of change. Socrates infuriates polus with the argument that it is better to suffer an injustice than commit one (gorgias 475a-d) polus agrees that it is more shameful to commit an injustice, but maintains it is not worse the worst thing, in his view, is to suffer injustice.
Socrates’ second argument (pp 120-128) is based on his theory of recollection that theory was an explanation of how we can come to know the kinds of things that we can one way to see the motivation for this theory is via the ‘paradox of inquiry’. In this paper i describe how socrates came to his conclusion that death is not bad (as described in plato's apology), and then show why this conclusion is false. The argument from design is an argument for the existence of god or a creator according to the argument, the appearance of design in nature is evidence for the existence of god the argument is teleological, because it assumes a purpose.
They are offered without argument by socrates, and agreed to without argument by theaetetus, at 145d7–145e5: the wise are wise sophiai (= by/ because of/ in respect of/ as a result of wisdom:145d11) to learn is to become wiser about the topic you are learning about (145d8–9. Socrates supports this claim with an argument in the form of a constructive dilemma: either death involves the cessation of consciousness, in which case our afterlife existence will resemble a single night of dreamless sleep, or after our death we will go to a place where all the dead are ruled over by just judges. Meno asks socrates if he can prove the truth of his strange claim that all learning is recollection (a claim that socrates connects to the idea of reincarnation) socrates responds by calling over a slave boy and, after establishing that he has had no mathematical training, setting him a geometry problem. What arguments against socrates' conclusion (all men desire good things, and evil is merely the ignorance of good) in the book meno can one come up. The analytic study of socrates, like analytic philosophy more generally, is fueled by the arguments in the texts—typically addressing a single argument or set of arguments, whether in a single text or across texts its origins are in the anglo-american philosophical tradition.
Analysis of plato's crito the life of socrates provides one example of a someone who seeks a justification for his or her moral actions socrates tries to use reason (rather than the values embedded in his culture) to determine whether an action is right or wrong. Socrates's argument proceeds from the statement of a perfectly general moral principle to its application in his particular case: one ought never to do wrong (even in response to the evil committed by another) but it is always wrong to disobey the state. In this essay i will discuss the character of socrates as he is presented in the apology, i will look at socrates as a religious fanatic and an apostle of reason i will provide an argument from my own personal stance that the character of socrates in the apology is a variation of both religious. Crito's argument to socrates the dialogue begins with socrates waking up to the presence of crito in his prison cell and inquiring whether it is early in the day crito informs socrates that it is indeed early and that he, crito, chose to let socrates sleep in peace, especially given socrates' current distressful circumstance of awaiting his.
The main argument in the apology by famous ancient greek philosopher plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. The central argument in the dialogue is the one socrates advances (10a-lib) against euthyphro's definition of piety as what all the gods love the argument. In the crito, socrates is in prison awaiting execution for impiety and corrupting the youth his impiety was judged to be a matter of questioning and possibly disbelieving the traditional gods, and his corrupting the youth was a matter of his teaching them to do the same crito arrives at the prison. Wisdom of socrates - socrates was a man that was in search of the truth about wisdom however, it became more than just a simple search, rather it tuned into a complex assignment where the answer of true wisdom leads socrates to be brought up on charges of corrupting society.
Plato: phaedo the phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient greek philosopher plato it claims to recount the events and conversations that occurred on the day that plato’s teacher, socrates (469-399 bce), was put to death by the state of athens. Meno is content to conclude that virtue can be taught, but socrates, to meno's surprise, turns on his own argument and starts criticizing it his objection is simple if virtue could be taught there would be teachers of virtue. Crito 2 c d e 45a b c cr: too obvious, perhaps but, my supernatural socrates, even now listen to me and be saved i think that if you die it won't just be one misfortune.